参数资料
型号: MC33025
厂商: Motorola, Inc.
英文描述: High Speed Double-摩登7注册
中文描述: 高速双端PWM控制器
文件页数: 8/20页
文件大小: 516K
代理商: MC33025
MC34025 MC33025
OPERATING DESCRIPTION
8
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA
The MC33025 and MC34025 series are high speed, fixed
frequency, double–ended pulse width modulator controllers
optimized for high frequency operation. They are specifically
designed for Off–Line and DC–to–DC converter applications
offering the designer a cost effective solution with minimal
external components. A representative block diagram is
shown in Figure 18.
Oscillator
The oscillator frequency is programmed by the values
selected for the timing components RT and CT. The RT pin is
set to a temperature compensated 3.0 V. By selecting the
value of RT, the charge current is set through a current mirror
for the timing capacitor CT. This charge current runs
continuously through CT. The discharge current is ratioed to
be 10 times the charge current, which yields the maximum
duty cycle of 90%. CT is charged to 2.8 V and discharged to
1.0 V. During the discharge of CT, the oscillator generates an
internal blanking pulse that resets the PWM Latch, inhibits
the outputs, and toggles the steering flip–flop. The threshold
voltages on the oscillator comparator is trimmed to guarantee
an oscillator accuracy of 5.0% at 25
°
C.
Additional dead time can be added by externally
increasing the charge current to CT as shown in Figure 23.
This changes the charge to discharge ratio of CT which is set
internally to Icharge/10 Icharge. The new charge to discharge
ratio will be:
% Deadtime
Iadditional
10 (Icharge)
Icharge
A bidirectional clock pin is provided for synchronization or
for master/slave operation. As a master, the clock pin
provides a positive output pulse during the discharge of CT.
As a slave, the clock pin is an input that resets the PWM latch
and blanks the drive output, but does not discharge CT.
Therefore, the oscillator is not synchronized by driving the
clock pin alone. Figures 29 and 30 provide suggested
synchronization.
Error Amplifier
A fully compensated Error Amplifier is provided. It features
a typical DC voltage gain of 95 dB and a gain bandwidth
product of 8.3 MHz with 75 degrees of phase margin
(Figure 3). Typical application circuits will have the
noninverting input tied to the reference. The inverting input
will typically be connected to a feedback voltage generated
from the output of the switching power supply. Both inputs
have a Common Mode Voltage (VCM) input range of 1.5 V to
5.5 V. The Error Amplifier Output is provided for external loop
compensation.
Soft–Start Latch
Soft–Start is accomplished in conjunction with an external
capacitor. The soft start capacitor is charged by an internal
9.0
μ
A current source. This capacitor clamps the output of
the error amplifier to less than its normal output voltage, thus
limiting the duty cycle.
The time it takes for a capacitor to reach full charge is
given by:
(4.5
105) CSoft-Start
t
A Soft–Start latch is incorporated to prevent erratic
operation of this circuitry. Two conditions can cause the
Soft–Start circuit to latch so that the Soft–Start capacitor
stays discharged. The first condition is activation of an
undervoltage lockout of either VCC or Vref. The second
condition is when current sense input exceeds 1.4 V. Since
this latch is “set dominant”, it cannot be reset until either of
these signals is removed, and the voltage at CSoft–Start is less
than 0.5 V.
PWM Comparator and Latch
A PWM circuit typically compares an error voltage with a
ramp signal. The outcome of this comparison determines the
state of the output. In voltage mode operation the ramp signal
is the voltage ramp of the timing capacitor. In current mode
operation the ramp signal is the voltage ramp induced in a
current sensing element. The ramp input of the PWM
comparator is pinned out so that the user can decide which
mode of operation best suits the application requirements.
The ramp input has a 1.25 V offset such that whenever the
voltage at this pin exceeds the Error Amplifier Output voltage
minus 1.25 V, the PWM comparator will cause the PWM latch
to set, disabling the outputs. Once the PWM latch is set, only
a blanking pulse by the oscillator can reset it, thus initiating
the next cycle.
A toggle flip flop connected to the output of the PWM latch
controls which output is active. The flip flop is pulsed by an
OR gate that gets its inputs from the oscillator clock and the
output of the PWM latch. A pulse from either one will cause
the flip flop to enable the other output.
Current Limiting and Shutdown
A pin is provided to perform current limiting and shutdown
operations. Two comparators are connected to the input of
this pin. When the voltage at this pin exceeds 1.0 V, one of
the comparators is activated. The output of this comparator
sets the PWM latch, which disables the output. In this way
cycle–by–cycle current limiting is accomplished. If a current
limit resistor is used in series with the power devices, the
value of the resistor is found by:
RSense
1.0 V
Ipk (switch)
If the voltage at this pin exceeds 1.4 V, the second
comparator is activated. This comparator sets a latch which,
in turn, causes the Soft–Start capacitor to be discharged. In
this way a “hiccup” mode of recovery is possible in the case
of output short circuits. If a current limit resistor is used in
series with the output devices, the peak current at which the
controller will enter a “hiccup” mode is given by:
Ishutdown
1.4 V
RSense
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相关代理商/技术参数
参数描述
MC33025DW 功能描述:电流型 PWM 控制器 Dual Output Voltage RoHS:否 制造商:Texas Instruments 开关频率:27 KHz 上升时间: 下降时间: 工作电源电压:6 V to 15 V 工作电源电流:1.5 mA 输出端数量:1 最大工作温度:+ 105 C 安装风格:SMD/SMT 封装 / 箱体:TSSOP-14
MC33025DWG 功能描述:电流型 PWM 控制器 Dual Output Voltage or Current Mode PWM RoHS:否 制造商:Texas Instruments 开关频率:27 KHz 上升时间: 下降时间: 工作电源电压:6 V to 15 V 工作电源电流:1.5 mA 输出端数量:1 最大工作温度:+ 105 C 安装风格:SMD/SMT 封装 / 箱体:TSSOP-14
MC33025DWR2 功能描述:电流型 PWM 控制器 Dual Output Voltage RoHS:否 制造商:Texas Instruments 开关频率:27 KHz 上升时间: 下降时间: 工作电源电压:6 V to 15 V 工作电源电流:1.5 mA 输出端数量:1 最大工作温度:+ 105 C 安装风格:SMD/SMT 封装 / 箱体:TSSOP-14
MC33025DWR2G 功能描述:电流型 PWM 控制器 Dual Output Voltage or Current Mode PWM RoHS:否 制造商:Texas Instruments 开关频率:27 KHz 上升时间: 下降时间: 工作电源电压:6 V to 15 V 工作电源电流:1.5 mA 输出端数量:1 最大工作温度:+ 105 C 安装风格:SMD/SMT 封装 / 箱体:TSSOP-14
MC33025P 功能描述:电流型 PWM 控制器 Dual Output Voltage RoHS:否 制造商:Texas Instruments 开关频率:27 KHz 上升时间: 下降时间: 工作电源电压:6 V to 15 V 工作电源电流:1.5 mA 输出端数量:1 最大工作温度:+ 105 C 安装风格:SMD/SMT 封装 / 箱体:TSSOP-14